The annual quantity of water per capita in Türkiye has approached 1,000 cubic meters, which is the water shortage restrict. The present state of affairs has positioned the nation beneath the “nations beneath excessive water stress” class.
With the shortage of precipitation in Türkiye in latest months and the lower within the water occupancy charges in dams, the danger of drought has as soon as once more been delivered to the nation’s agenda.
Yıldız Technical College Environmental Engineering Division lecturer professor Mehmet Çakmakcı acknowledged that “in line with a research carried out by the World Sources Institute on the itemizing of nations beneath water stress, Türkiye is seen as a rustic beneath excessive water stress, and this continues to extend. Whereas the annual quantity of water per capita is approaching 1,000 cubic meters, that is the boundary of water shortage. Because it doesn’t exist, we should assemble the present cycle properly. If we do not construct it properly, we’ll face issues.”
For the reason that starting of the 12 months, precipitation has been a lot decrease than in earlier years, and a few dams have utterly dried out. “Since 2015, we’ve seen a steady lower in rainfall, an alarming state of affairs for a rustic to face a extreme drought,” he stated.
Giving Bursa for example, Çakmakcı stated: “We see that there isn’t a water left within the Nilüfer Dam and that there’s round 38% water left within the Doğancı Dam. On the similar time, the dams in Istanbul have reached the 35% degree. Subsequently, our precedence needs to be to satisfy ingesting water requirements.”
Interesting for pressing measures, Çakmakcı stated: “Türkiye is the primary among the many Mediterranean nations that will probably be most affected by international warming. The always rising temperatures and severely reducing precipitation is not going to let any nation escape from the disasters attributable to international warming. Nonetheless, one of many nations that will probably be affected essentially the most is Türkiye.”
Emphasizing the seriousness of the state of affairs from drought maps, Çakmakcı stated: “Once we have a look at the drought maps of 2000, 2010, 2021 and 2023, we are able to see that the dangerous darkish crimson areas have turned black. Based on Turkish State Meteorological Service knowledge, a big area ranging from Mersin, together with Konya, Ankara, Balıkesir, and the Marmara Area, a densely populated space, is described as an exceptionally dry.”
Çakmakcı warned that “fast actions have to be taken” and drew consideration to the “water cycle” emphasizing that even the landscaping areas in cities needs to be deliberate according to these measures from the water utilized in agricultural irrigation.
“We use roughly 72% of the water in agricultural irrigation. Subsequently, we urgently want to make sure that merchandise with decrease water consumption” are used he stated.
Concerning altering irrigation strategies he stated: “If there isn’t a agricultural manufacturing, we may have issues within the meals provide. It will have extreme financial results. As well as, most of our provinces, with ingesting and utility water amenities and landscapes in cities, are irrigated. Therefore, panorama vegetation with low water consumption needs to be most well-liked. For instance, grass is greenery that requires a excessive quantity of water. As a substitute, it might be extra acceptable to create landscapes that require much less water and have a visible look, however are simpler to take care of.”
“As a precaution, grey water can be a big supply of water. Subsequently, we should purify these grey waters at a complicated degree and ship them to second or third use. These are all of the preventive measures that may contribute to the water cycle in our nation. For instance, in 2001, we had 274 dams, however at the moment we’ve 968. It’s a phenomenon that reveals how a lot we’ve elevated the 968 dams and water storage constructions. Subsequently, we’d like measures and consciousness to avoid wasting our nation from water shortage,” he urged.